Citation and attribution
If you use our data, we strongly encourage you to cite or reference this work as you would any other scientific research (even if the license does not explicitly require you to).
Many of the datasets are the result of a huge amount of time and effort invested by Museum staff and collaborators. Some represent an individual’s work over many decades. Citing these data allows us to measure the impact of the research and encourages others to deposit their data into the portal.
What to cite
There are a few different ways of citing our data, depending on the material being referenced.
Datasets and versioned queries have unique Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) provided by the British Library's DataCite Service. Please use these if you cite these materials in your work.
Each dataset overview page will have a 'Cite this as' section with an APA-style reference you can copy, or you can download the BibTeX reference from DataCite using the "BibTeX" button.
We don't currently provide separate DOIs for resources, so if you cite a single resource use the standard URL. As with datasets, each resource overview page has an APA-style example reference that can be copied.
Records have shorter
/record/ URLs that redirect to their summary page. You can cite the version as it was when you initially retrieved it or omit the version ID to always display the most up-to-date record. Both URLs can be found in the 'Cite this as' section at the bottom of the record page.
Records from the Specimens resource can also use special
/specimen/ URLs, which are even shorter. These are found in the 'Cite this as' section instead of the standard
4. Specimen Images
All images in the Specimens resource are shared under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License, see link for terms and conditions.
An APA-style citation suitable for basic image re-use is given below. The URL at the end of the citation relates to the specimen featuring in the image and can be found in the 'Cite this as' section at the bottom of the specimen record page. The Creative Commons wiki gives additional guidance on ways to attribute modified or adapted images.
You can cite results generated from the integrated search. Clicking the "Cite" button and entering an email address will generate a DOI for the search. All records within the search are versioned. This allows you to cite subsets of resources, multiple datasets, and exact versions of multiple records.
Downloads generated from a search (from either interface) will include a DOI to uniquely identify that search.
6. The Data Portal
Only cite the Portal directly if you are referencing a non-data aspect of the website, e.g. discussing the concept in general.
The principles, impetus, and technical details of the initial development of the Data Portal are described in The Natural History Museum Data Portal (Scott et al., 2019). Read it here: https://doi.org/10.1093/database/baz038
Implementations of specific features can be found on our GitHub repositories, so if you wish to reference code then it may be better to target these specifically.